Canopy reflectance modeling in a tropical wooded grassland annual report

Cover of: Canopy reflectance modeling in a tropical wooded grassland |

Published by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Technical Information Service, distributor in [Washington, D.C, Springfield, Va .

Written in English

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Book details

Statementprincipal investigator, David Simonett
SeriesNASA contractor report -- NASA CR-179895
ContributionsUnited States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration
The Physical Object
FormatMicroform
Pagination1 v
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14983069M

Download Canopy reflectance modeling in a tropical wooded grassland

Ble plant canopy reflectance model for its ability to estimate the amount of woody vegetation from remotely sensed data in areas of sparsely wooded grassland.

Dry woodlands and wooded grasslands, commonly referred to as savannas, are important ecologically and economically in Africa, and cover approximately forty percent of the continentFile Size: 2MB.

Get this from a library. Canopy reflectance modeling in a tropical wooded grassland: final report, year [Janet Franklin; United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.].

CANOPY REFLECTANCE MODELING IN A TROPICAL WOODED GRASSLAND (Report prepared by Janet Franklin) Final Report NASA Award NAGW ABSTRACT The Li-Strahler canopy reflectance model, driven by Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) data, provided regional estimates of tree size and density in two bioclimatic zones in West Africa.

This model exploits tree geometry in. Get this from a library. Canopy reflectance modeling in a tropical wooded grassland: final report. [United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.;].

An invertible plant canopy reflectance model is tested for its ability to estimate the amount of woody vegetation from remotely sensed data in areas of sparsely wooded grassland. An invertible plant canopy reflectance model is tested for its ability to estimate the amount of woody vegetation from remotely sensed data in areas of sparsely wooded : David Simonett and Janet Franklin.

CANOPY REFLECTANCE MODELING IN A TROPICAL WOODED GRASSLAND Introduction The following brief report summarizes the research accomplished on NASA Grant NAGW during the period 7/1/85 to 1/31/ The topics to be addressed are; 1) field data collection, 2) image and collateral data acquisition, 3) model development and 4) data analysis and.

ble plant canopy reflectance model for its ability to estimate the amount of woody vegetation cover in areas of sparsely wooded grassland from remotely sensed data. Dry woodlands and wooded grasslands, commonly referred to as savannas, are important ecologically and economically in Africa, and cover approximately forty percent of the continent.

Canopy reflectance modeling in a tropical wooded grassland. By David Simonett. Abstract. The Li-Strahler canopy reflectance model, driven by LANDSAT Thematic Mapper (TM) data, provided regional estimates of tree size and density in two bioclimatic zones in Africa.

This model exploits tree geometry in an inversion technique to predict average Author: David Simonett. Canopy reflectance modeling in a tropical wooded grassland.

A study area was selected in West Africa in order to establish a relationship between rainfall and grassland productivity, and also to provide ground measurements and support for the GIMMS investigation of the use of AVHRR vegetation index data for monitoring grassland biomass and Author: D.

Simonett. The Li-Strahler canopy reflectance model, driven by LANDSAT Thematic Mapper (TM) Canopy reflectance modeling in a tropical wooded grassland book, provided regional estimates of tree size and density in two bioclimatic zones in Africa.

This model exploits tree geometry in an inversion technique to predict average tree size and density from reflectance data using a few simple patameters measured in the field and in the imagery.

Get this from a library. Canopy reflectance modeling in a tropical wooded grassland: semi-annual report. [David S Simonett; United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.]. In plant canopy reflectance modeling, radiative transfer theory and geometric optics are used to predict the reflectance of a plant canopy as a function of the biophysical properties of the canopy elements, such as the size, shape, spatial distribution and optical properties of plants or plant parts.

If a reflectance model Author: Janet Franklin, David Simonett. A study area was selected in West Africa in order to establish a relationship between rainfall and grassland productivity, and also to provide ground measurements and support for the GIMMS investigation of the use of AVHRR vegetation index data for monitoring grassland biomass and productivity.

Field data collection, image and collateral data acquisition, model development, and data. Modeling Leaf Pigment Content From Canopy Reflectance Spectra. In order to model pigment content using physical models, from top-of-canopy reflectance data that sampled from airborne or satellite platforms, spatial and temporal variations in canopy architecture, image acquisition conditions, and background vegetation must be accounted for.

Mapping woody plant cover in desert grasslands using canopy reflectance modeling and MISR data Mark J. Chopping,1 Lihong Su,1 Andrea Laliberte,2 Albert Rango,2 Debra P. Peters,2 and John V. Martonchik3 Received 7 June ; revised 26 July ; accepted 31 July ; published 9 September Biophysical considerations for vegetation canopy reflectance modeling are presented.

Included is a brief overview outlining strengths and weaknesses of four possible canopy reflectance models. The overview is followed by the description of the LCM2 coupled leaf/canopy turbid medium reflectance model based on natural averaging.

The model. Canopy reflectance, photosynthesis and transpiration wp may be inferred from the analysis ofNormanand Jarvis () WP=HIX+T+(IX-T)COS2 l1] (3) lJ is the mean leafinclination angle relative to the horizontal plane (identical to angle between leafnormal and local vertical).

In equation (3) the leafis treated as an inclined plane with isotropic forward and. The investigated grassland types featured pronounced compositional and structural gradients and the PLSR models thus revealed strong relations between canopy reflectance and species composition.

Further, the floristic gradients in our study were directly related to pronounced gradients in biophysical properties and environmental conditions Cited by: 9. The model was used to isolate and quantify the effects of crown shape, canopy cover, stein distribution pattern, and canopy gaps on the shadowing pattern and the canopy reflectance, using a set of.

Woodland expansion in US grasslands: assessing land-cover change and biogeochemical impacts. The application of a geomehic optical canopy reflectance model to. Holes in the forest canopy (e.g., gaps) are often created through the death of individual trees with dominant or codominant crown positions (Figure ).The process in which one or more trees in a forest die, leaving a hole in the canopy and making available both light and nutrient resources for seedlings and saplings, is called gap dynamics (Brokaw and Busing ).

Summary of Shape Parameters for a Spheroid on a Stick Used to Model Oak Shadowing Geometry (from Harvey, ) Canopy Shape Parameters Dense Woodland Open Woodland Wooded Grassland Density per ha -- na -- r (horizontal radius) -- b (vertical radius) -- 2.;38 h (stem height) -- September F Cited by: Crop Science Abstract - FORAGE & GRAZINGLANDS Development of Canopy Reflectance Models to Predict Forage Quality of Legume–Grass Mixtures View My Binders.

This article in CS. Vol. 49 No. 5, p. Received: Grassland Science A rapid canopy reflectance model inversion experiment was performed using multi-angle reflectance data from the NASA Multi-angle Imaging Spectro-Radiometer (MISR) on the Earth Observing System. Request PDF | Forest canopy structure and reflectance in humid tropical Borneo: A physically-based interpretation using spectral invariants | South East Asia region is a triple hotspot of carbon.

The objectives of the present study were to develop a new index based on remotely-sensed data for detecting the abundance of grasses in the family Poaceae, which has a high palatability for livestock in Mongolia, and to map the distribution of these grasses in the semi-arid Mongolian measured ground-based spectral reflectance of pure plant leaves – including Poaceae grasses Cited by: Canopy reflectance modelling Canopy reflectance, canopy, is known to be sensitive to a number of can be broadly divided into two categories: i.

structural i.e. the number, angular and spatial distribution of scattering elements. radiometric i.e. the scattering properties of individual canopy elements.

Vegetation components such as leaves and stems are radiometrically. Comparison of Vegetation Indices and Red‐edge Parameters for Estimating Grassland Cover from Canopy Reflectance Data Zhan‐Yu Liu Institute of Agriculture Remote Sensing and Information System Application, Zhejiang University, HangzhouChinaCited by: Modelling leaf area index in a tropical grassland using multi-temporal hyperspectral data.

Zolo Zime Zinu Serge Kiala. A thesis submitted in fulfilment for the degree of Master of Science in Environmental Science in the School of Agricultural, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal. Pietermaritzburg. Buy Models of Vegetation Canopy Reflectance and Their Use in Estimation of Biophysical Parameters From Reflectance Data (Remote Sensing Reviews) on FREE SHIPPING on qualified orders Models of Vegetation Canopy Reflectance and Their Use in Estimation of Biophysical Parameters From Reflectance Data (Remote Sensing Reviews): Goel, N.

Forest Reflectance Modeling: Theoretical Aspects and Applications. Ambio North, P. Three-dimensional forest light interaction model using a Monte Carlo method. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing Ollinger, S. Sources of variability in canopy reflectance and the convergent properties of.

The effect of variable tree canopy cover, shad- ows, and topography on Thematic Mapper (TM) data was examined for blue oak (Quercus dou- glasii) woodland and wooded grassland on rugged terrain in central California.

Thematic Mapper data were analyzed from September (trees in leaf, grass understory senescent) and December (trees. Request PDF | Comparison of Landsat 8 OLI and Landsat 7 ETM+ for estimating grassland LAI using model inversion and spectral indices: case study of Mpumalanga, South Africa | The leaf area index.

Radar remote sensing of grass canopy structure—methods and evaluations. Remote sensing of varying treatments (fertilizers) and management (irrigation and pest infestation, fire/wildfire) to grass canopies. Application of new algorithms to biomass/carbon dynamics estimation in grasslands (e.g., alpine prairie).

When gaps form in the canopy, often times understory trees take advantage of the opening and grow to fill in the canopy. Canopy layer: The canopy is the layer where the crowns of most of the forest's trees meet and form a thick layer. Emergent layer: Emergents are trees whose crowns emerge above the rest of the : Laura Klappenbach.

Goel, N.S. and Thompson, R.L. () Inversion of vegetation canopy reflectance models for estimating agronomic variables. Estimation of LAI and average leaf angle using measured canopy reflectances. Remote Sensing Environ., 16, 69– CrossRef Google Scholar.

Vegetation and spectral reflectance 38 Spectral Mixture Analysis 40 Canopy reflectance models 41 Canopy reflectance model studies 43 Li-Strahler Geometric-Optical models 45 Multiple Forward Mode reflectance modeling 46 Model evaluation 49 Chapter Summary 50 Chapter 3 METHODS.

Remote sensing using airborne imaging spectroscopy (AIS) is known to retrieve fundamental optical properties of ecosystems. whether such data can add value to topographic variables for predicting plant distributions in French and Swiss alpine grasslands.

We fitted statistical models with high spectral and spatial resolution reflectance data Cited by:   Understanding the sensitivity of tropical vegetation to changes in precipitation is of key importance for assessing the fate of the Amazon rainforest and predicting atmospheric CO2 levels.

Using improved satellite observations, we reconcile observational and modeling studies by showing that tropical vegetation is highly sensitive to changes in precipitation and El Niño by:.

The relationship of MISR Rahman–Pinty–Verstraete (RPV) model parameters, derived from inversion of MISR m fine mode data, and BRDF shape indicators calculated from the latest MODIS m MCD43 BRDF product to vegetation patterns in an Australian tropical savanna was examined for a time series covering the dry season period from April to Cited by: COVID Resources.

Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.Model Structure and Processes.

We used a mechanistic plant model (Sterck and Schieving, ; Sterck et al.,) to simulate the carbon gain and survival of virtual tropical canopy trees in response to different climate scenarios for ambient CO 2, temperature and water stress, under the assumption that trees maximize carbon gain by acclimating in their leaf area index, stem sapwood Cited by: 6.

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